Paskhalis, Tom, Bryn Rosenfeld and Katerina Tertytchnaya. 2022. "Independent Media under Pressure: Evidence from Russia." Post-Soviet Affairs 38(3): 155-174. [Download Paper]
Pop-Eleches, Grigore, Graeme Robertson and Bryn Rosenfeld. 2022. "Protest Participation and Attitude Change: Evidence from Ukraine's Euromaidan Revolution." The Journal of Politics 84(2): 625-638. [Abstract] [Download Paper][Replication Archive]
Do protests actually influence political opinions or do they merely reflect existing policy preferences? We study this issue using panel data with measures of political attitudes and behavior taken both before and after Ukraine's Euromaidan protests. We find that protests do not just reveal protesters' political views but also shape them. Participation changed protesters' policy preferences on issues related to the main protest frames, and it also increased attitude coherence on core issues. In addition, protest participants experienced significant increases in political efficacy, trust and participation compared to non-participants. We show that the mechanisms underlying these attitudinal and behavioral changes are related to the experience itself of protesting, and thus depend to an important degree on protest context. These findings speak to both the short and long-term mechanisms by which protest participation can shape political engagement and public opinion.